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Insulin Icodec Bests Degludec; FDA’s T2D Device Guidance; Farxiga Cuts HF Risks

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After 26 weeks of treatment, once-weekly insulin icodec yielded an estimated 0.22% superior reduction in estimated HbA1c compared with insulin degludec in people with type 2 diabetes, according to Novo Nordisk’s phase IIIa ONWARDS 2 trial.

A 12-year study of 171 pregnant women found increasing levels of exposure to harmful environmental chemicals, most of which are new replacement chemicals for BPA and phthalates. “Our findings make clear that the number and scope of chemicals in pregnant women are increasing during a very vulnerable time of development for both the pregnant person and the fetus,” said Tracey J. Woodruff, PhD, of the University of California San Francisco. (Environmental Science & Technology)

The FDA released industry guidance for feasibility studies of medical devices aimed at improving glycemic control in those with type 2 diabetes.

Within a year of the opening of a new fresh-food supermarket in underserved New York City neighborhoods, childhood obesity among public school students dropped by 1%. “These results, however small, demonstrate that supermarket subsidies might play an effective role in addressing the complex problem of childhood obesity in America,” said study author Brian Elbel, PhD, MPH, of NYU Langone. (JAMA Pediatrics)

According to the phase III DELIVER results, dapagliflozin (Farxiga) significantly reduced the risk for cardiovascular death or worsening heart failure in patients with heart failure with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction, AstraZeneca announced.

In a commentary published in Environmental Health, researchers said that both state and federal public health agencies often understate the hazards of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). “Agency websites and fact sheets that use weak language like ‘may cause’ and ‘some studies’ across health outcomes are misleading the public,” said co-author Jamie DeWitt, PhD, of East Carolina University in Greenville, North Carolina, in a statement.

Can opportunistic screening with abdominal CT be used to identify patients at risk for osteoporosis? (Clinical Radiology)

A female rat study found that chronic psychological stress was linked to loss of ovarian reserve, thus decreasing fertility. (Endocrinology)

  • Kristen Monaco is a staff writer, focusing on endocrinology, psychiatry, and nephrology news. Based out of the New York City office, she’s worked at the company since 2015.

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